Sunday, November 29, 2009

Rich's at Oglethorpe Mall

I previously stated that Rich's was a relatively new arrival to the Savannah market.  Rich's here was nothing more than a name, unfortunately.  The Rich's of lore had all of its history, charm and character taken out of it by the time the Oglethorpe store opened, so its position in Savannah was by and large a corporate move.  Regardless, it was a good one considering Burdine's probably would not have set too well with people in Savannah.  Nevertheless, Oglethorpe needed more room.  The smaller Levy's/Maas Brothers, which had just been bought out and closed, was hampering the mall's efforts to stay competitive with Savannah Mall even though it had opened a mere 9 years earlier.  With that, the store was demolished, the mall was extended and Rich's joined Oglethorpe as its furthest south store in 1992.

The pictures here are all by Russell Wells.  He took those for me back in 2004 when I was in the process of photographing all of the remaining Rich's stores prior to consolidation.  While it definitely lacks the cache of the classic stores, it is still nice to include these in my collection.

First photo is the direct mall entrance, while the second photo is a peculiar side entrance to the store right next to the main entrance.

The entrance to the Rich's wing was graced with this overhead sign combined with a lit mall logo that I still find extremely attractive.

The ever infamous "Rich's-Macy's"...a two year time span when then Federated Department Stores severely downscaled Rich's to make people fall out of love with it so they would embrace Macy's when they changed it over.  Honestly, Rich's as it really was died 15 years before they changed the name.  In fact, the downtown store closed around the time construction started on this store.  It was still sad to see a classic and once heralded store marginalized to the point that nobody even cared.

The new Rich's when it was built was reasonably attractive and solidly designed.  The only problem is that nearly every store built after it is a practical clone of this one aside from the fact this store had far less stucco than the later models.

These "customer pick-up" signs caught my attention, too, during the changeover.  I photographed my share of them during that time.  What is so funny is that this font used for the logo is now very popular ever since Rich's went away.

The Rich's logo was also displayed on the front of the mall along with JCPenney since both stores are in the back of the mall pretty much hidden from view of Abercorn.  I imagine Levy's/Maas Brothers had a worse problem since they were even more hidden.

Wednesday, November 25, 2009

Savannah Mall Revisited

One of my first posts on what was then Georgia Retail Memories was about Savannah Mall and its scary turn of events that had it teetering on dead mall status.  Most malls could not have survived in that predicament.  The photos I took at that point were taken in 2003, so quite a lot of time has lapsed since then, and I also noticed a few cosmetic changes as well. Admittedly, I was thinking the mall was in real danger of sudden failure, but the managers were very creative in their efforts to revitalize it.  While it is today a second-tier mall, it is far from dead.  It still has Dillard's, Bass Pro Shops has made it six years in the old Parisian, and Belk Beery was subdivided into Target on the upper level and Burlington Coat Factory on the lower level.  A.C. Moore craft store also joined the ranks as a junior anchor.  In the case of Target, this is the first ever Target in retail-anemic Savannah, and they kindly put in a mall entrance to make sure that the two work together.  I am actually rather stunned by the brilliance of luring Target into a struggling mall.

Savannah Mall was not left unscathed from the 2003 exodus, so it does have quite a few vacancies.  Abercrombie & Fitch was never replaced, and most major apparel stores are gone, though I noted stores like Gap were still there.  The two previously existing mall restaurants, though, remain (Ruby Tuesday and a Mexican restaurant), and a Texas Roadhouse flanks one of the entrances.  More popular local stores such as Savannah Candy Company also operate stores at both malls as well.  The only loss of an anchor since 2003 was Steve & Barry's, which left because the chain itself went bankrupt.  This means that Montgomery Ward is very much back to vacant.  What is amazing, though, is the food court.  If this mall is ailing, you would never tell by the food court.  Not one restaurant was vacant...not one.  Dillard's also chugs along as well in the old JB White.  This is possibly one of the oddest Dillard's locations, and the company has lately been stuck with a few second-tier locations.  Since this survived the last round of closings, it must be doing fine.  I am sure they would like to tack on to Oglethorpe, but the mall is a bit landlocked, which would make any addition very expensive and difficult.

This mall court is situated at the crossroads between the former Montgomery Ward (background) and Dillard's (off to the right).

The former Montgomery Ward served for about three years as Steve & Barry's University Sportswear on the lower level.  Steve & Barry's went bankrupt, and for some reason the owners left this big empty department store open to view from the mall.

Looking down the Dillard's wing.  Dillard's opened as J.B. White, and its conversion in 1998 proved successful.

Six years after my last visit, I would definitely say that Savannah Mall was unusually creative in how they staved off disaster.  While I doubt they will ever recover their past glory without a major redevelopment, the area has seen substantial growth since I last visited while it lacks the retail development of other cities, allowing this mall to fill the void of stores Savannah doesn't have. This is something they should capitalize even more on. It already has a rather unique anchor line-up with Dillard's, Outdoor World, Target, Burlington Coat Factory and junior anchor AC Moore. They should note my post on Innsbruck Mall for a few more ideas.  I think a large Border's Book Store in the old Montgomery Ward would be nice.

Here, I'm looking at the main court.  In the middle is Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World in a rather unique mall location.  The Outdoor World was Parisian until 2003, and it did not remain vacant long.  When Parisian closed here, they completely left the Savannah market.  With Belk absorbing them, there is no way it would have lasted anyway, so the timing was actually perfect.

Fountains were not left out in Savannah Mall's design.  This is one of two in center court.

A sure sign of a failing mall is a food court emptying out.  There were absolutely no vacancies whatsoever than this food court.  In fact, it looked great.

Savannah Mall has a not-too-exciting layout, but in 1990 just having a two level mall was something to celebrate since many of the 70's malls were quite small, plain and dumpy.

The state of Savannah Mall today means that the market is definitely sufficient to keep two malls, though not to the levels seen prior to 2003.  I wish the owners the best of luck, and I hope they find a good fit or plan for the old Montgomery Ward.  This is why I included a few new photos to compare yesterday and today.

This is the west court where A.C. Moore recently joined on as a junior anchor.  This was originally on the Belk wing.

In the former Belk, Target took the upstairs and Burlington Coat Factory downstairs.  The old Belk was partially demolished for Target.

One of the main flaws I see with Savannah Mall is that it has too much shadow.  This is a typical problem for multi-level malls, and I found it depressing.

Savannah Candy Company is found in both malls, and is a significant local operation.  Malls once had almost exclusive local operations or small regional chains with national chain stores coming later as big retailers discovered the potential.  The smell of chocolate coming out of the place was so rich it was intoxicating.

Ruby Tuesday is still found in a few malls.  This one has a classic design for sure.

The mall entrance is original, but it doesn't look bad.  The ironworks theme is always attractive, and it was the rage around 1990.

Outside of Dillard's showing an extremely plain store.  Most White's stores were not just somewhat lacking architecturally.

Sunday, November 22, 2009

Carey Hilliard's Restaurant: Savannah, GA

In post-modern times, two extremes seem to exist in retail: single location small businesses or huge national chains, so it is always fun to be able to cover a local or regional chain since so few exist today.  That is how Carey Hilliard's caught my attention.  Carey Hilliard's is not a restaurant that is known to those of us in the northern part of Georgia or much of anywhere else, but this seems to be a staple of Savannah.  It was also previously located in Charleston, SC as well.  Up here, there is much to choose from ranging from succulent and expensive down to tasty, reasonable local joints offering a unique taste: several of which have gone national such as Moe's Southwest Grill.  Carey Hilliard's, however, seems to have remained a local fare and a bit more old-fashioned.  Its founder of the same name died in 1982, but the restaurant has remained successful for over 25 years since. [1]

It should be noted that Carey Hilliards is definitely a family style restaurant, featuring an odd combination of two Deep South specialties: seafood and barbeque.  It is modestly priced, but is also not for the health-conscious as most of their food is fried.  All in all, it is basically a few notches above Shoney's, but with a more local flavor.  It has since left Charleston, but the restaurant not only lingers in Savannah, but also a new location was recently opened in Statesboro.  The second is likely there to serve primarily the families of college students and crowds of football fans that come to Georgia Southern University: a relatively strong market for inexpensive family-style restaurants.

The story of Carey Hilliard's is that it opened in 1960, and it has since expanded to about 8 locations.  The location pictured here is likely one of the first, if not the original.  The Statesboro location opened this year as one of the newest locations.  Historically, Carey Hilliard's was quite popular and highly rated, though some of the latest reviews and Charleston closings suggest the chain unfortunately may be struggling.  I thought about trying it on my last visit, but did not.  Because of that, I have no opinion at this point: I just liked the sign and style of the place.  Nevertheless, I would be more than glad to expand this thread about the place once I find out a little more about it.

I really cannot vouch if this place actually has good food, but it is nice to see that a few popular local restaurant chains continue to operate such as this one.  If it is a good place to eat, places like this give a unique taste and identity to a city that helps to draw more people to visit.  While the buzz these days is largely around Paula Deen's restaurant, I wanted to focus on a low key local classic that came long before Ms. Deen put Savannah cuisine squarely on the national map.


Wednesday, November 18, 2009

Oglethorpe Mall: Savannah, GA

Shoppers have faithfully flocked to Oglethorpe Mall since 1969, the original mall in the Savannah.  When it opened, it was a very basic and dark dumbbell shaped mall anchored by major anchors Belk Beery and Sears.  Junior anchors were Adler's, Morrison's Cafeteria and Piggly Wiggly.  A theater was also located on an outparcel, which later briefly became Fine's department store.  The mall itself was one level, but both major anchors were two levels, though Belk would not open their second level for years after the store opened.  The mall is located fairly close to downtown along the city's prime commercial corridor, but it is not near an interstate.  In fact, the nearest interstate, I-516, ends a couple miles away from the mall.  Nevertheless, its location on Abercorn Expressway (GA 204) proves to have remained a highly viable area.  The development along Abercorn as a whole is highly unusual, since most suburban development tends to cluster around major interstate interchanges.  In all, Oglethorpe has proved a highly successful survivor that shows no signs of slowing down.

Oglethorpe Mall is unique for several reasons.  First, it was the first mall in not just Savannah, but all of Southeast Georgia.  Second, its Belk Beery location was the very first mall-based Belk store in the entire chain.  Mr. Beery, based in Wilmington, NC, built the store and opened it before the Belk brothers opened their own.  Oddly enough, this store was never signed outwardly as "Belk Beery", but simply Belk.  Third, it is a uniquely successful mall not to be located along a major interstate.  Fourth, the mall proved to be a survivor despite its age and a long-standing threat from newer major competition that proved that age is nothing but a number.



Along with the first photo, these additional photos show the elaborate design and money dumped into creating a showy center court.  In a city noted for its history and classic Victorian architecture, Oglethorpe could not exactly get away with a plain, simple and dumpy main court area in their malls.  They came through in spades, and this still remains an extremely contemporary look.

While Oglethorpe Mall is only one story, it was expanded greatly in the 1980's.  In fact, it was one of six expansions/renovations to the mall, which occured in 1974, 1977, 1982, 1985, 1992 and 2002 according to the mall's fact sheet.  The 1974 renovation was a very small renovation adding six stores in the back of the center court tied to what is today the JCPenney wing.  The 1977 renovation was tied to the closure of Adler's, which was replaced with the small section near the front of the mall known as the Prominade located near Belk, presumably where Barnes & Noble is today.  In 1982, a new wing was constructed off of center court resulting in a new JCPenney and Levy's.  Levy's was a very local department store with its only other known location in downtown Savannah.  Levy's proved to be too small to compete and sold out to Jordan Marsh in the late 1980's.  Their store at the mall was very small, thus proving to be inadequate and was later demolished.  The 1992 renovation was the most dramatic, transforming the city's first mall into an beautiful mall with elaborate skylight and ceiling treatments, better than average floor treatments and a more elegant appearance overall than your usual mid-market mall.  The 1992 addition also gave the mall a more competitive edge.  The Barnes & Noble was added in 2002 and I'm guessing the food court as well.  Other renovations aside from those renovations have been more subtle with the intent of keeping the mall completely up-to-date in decor and feel.  In all, I have seen few malls this attractive.


The 1982 addition continues straight back from center court, located directly inside from the front mall entrance.  All expansions to the mall went behind the original 1969 mall corridor.  The second photo shows the bend in the pathway.

Oglethorpe is a lot like a grunge the soft melodies erupting into hard chorus lines of music, low key corridors open into bright, showy and extravagant court areas. The mall has three of such court areas.  This one is front of JCPenney, and originally in front of Levy's/Maas Brothers as well before it was torn down and expanded to a new Rich's.

Oglethorpe Mall changed because it had to.  It dominated the market for a fairly long period of time, but this all changed when a larger, shiny new mall came into town: Savannah Mall.  Savannah Mall was a very real and ominous threat when it opened in 1990.  Local residents feared that it would kill Oglethorpe Mall.  It had four department stores, two levels and an elegant, contemporary design that kept the mall formidable for over a decade.  Oglethorpe was old, had only one level and an outside appearance that suggested yesteryear.  This is why Oglethorpe tried harder than most malls to stay ahead, further upscaling the appearance of the mall in 1992.  The 1992 project was risky, but necessary, because the mall would have had no hope othewise.  In fact, Oglethorpe did not get a solid foothold on the market until around 2005 when Savannah Mall proved that its anchor line-up was not so strong, and its location not so ideal.

The mall map is the best way to explain how a simple basic straight shot between Belk Beery and Sears became a major mall.  The corridor pointing south was added in 1982 and the wing out to Macy's (former Rich's) in 1992.  It is possible to travel the mall in a circular fashion by leaving the mall entrance next to Macy's and re-entering in the Food Court. 


I made this map to show how the mall was laid out in the early years using 1975 as a reference point.  The 1974 addition suggested that the back entrance was originally intended for a third department store anchor.  Was Levy's always planned for the mall?

It must have been tough to be mall manager in those years considering that both malls had Belk, and any anchor loss at Savannah could have resulted in Oglethorpe losing an anchor of their own.  1998 must have been especially worrisome when Montgomery Ward closed their store there, leaving an opportunity for any anchor at Oglethorpe to jump ship.  This was all put to rest in 2003 when Savannah Mall was starting to show its age and subsequently received a two-fold crushing blow.  Both Parisian and Belk (no longer Beery) closed at the mall together almost at the same time  Belk had three locations and was cannibalizing their sales, and Parisian was underperforming.  This left the newer mall looking very precarious with only Dillard's left.  Of course, the truth of the matter was that Oglethorpe was only in danger if they gave up.  Oglethorpe always had the best anchors.  It had the original and largest Belk, Sears, Rich's and JCPenney.  In contrast, Savannah Mall had a sketchy anchor lineup with a more inconvenient Belk, over-expanded Parisian, doomed Montgomery Ward and Dillard's, which was less known and relatively new to the market at the time.

The Macy's wing blends in well with the rest of the mall.  It seemed owners were careful to maintain a consistent design throughout to make the mall not seem piecemeal.


The Macy's court (the third court) features two entrances into the mall, virtually side-by-side.

Gracing all the courts are large, classic-styled fountains.  Unfortunately, none were operational on my visit.  Note that all of the courts give the names of the anchors accessable by the connecting corridors.

Leaving the Macy's wing re-entering the JCPenney wing.

The story of how Rich's came to Oglethorpe Mall is the strangest.  Levy's was first bought out by Jordan Marsh, a major Federated-owned department store located in Florida and New England.  However, Jordan Marsh planned to leave to anchor Savannah Mall soon after opening there, so Maas Brothers, a Tampa-based chain, took over the spot.  Maas Brothers also took over the Levy's store downtown previously.  Family members were intermarried between the owners of the two chains, so Maas Brothers coming to Savannah was more than a coincidence.  In 1990, Maas Brothers was consolidated into Burdine's, Federated's then remaining Florida division.  Jordan Marsh never opened at Savannah Mall, however.  That same consolidation that eliminated Maas Brothers also included them as well.  Burdine's also posed a problem in the frenzy for Savannah as well.  The problem was, Burdine's was exclusively in Florida while Rich's was most dominant in Georgia.  At that point, the mall needed to expand to survive against new competition, thus the smaller Maas Brothers building was demolished, a new wing built, and a brand new two-level Rich's was built in lieu of Burdine's.  This Rich's looks a lot like the stores of today, but was a better constructed building with actual block in lieu of stucco.

Looking along the Sears wing, which is noticeably wider than the added parts.  Many of the stores on the right have outside entrances: a practice that fell out of favor for many years after the 1960's.

Arriving at Sears court, which like Belk's court is less elaborate, the mall continues on the left into the food court.  Also, Old Navy is on the right.  Over time, junior anchors took up several slots on the right (front).  Old Navy also has an outside entrance.  It previously operated as a McCrory's five and dime.

Savannah Mall has since lost many of the stores that were kept from Oglethorpe, and the two tended to overlap on many.  It once had the Abercrombie & Fitch while Oglethorpe did not.  Not long after the anchor closing spree at Savannah Mall, many of these stores either fled Savannah Mall or consolidated into Oglethorpe.  Because of that, Oglethorpe today is nearly 100% leased: in fact, it is likely the healthiest mall in Georgia.  Oglethorpe also gained a group of non-traditional anchors along the front of the mall that added significantly to its appeal including Barnes & Noble, Old Navy and Stein Mart.  It even oddly holds onto its Piccadilly Cafeteria today, suggesting that the mall has something for everyone.  The legacy Belk Beery also renovated its entryways, abandoning its basic arched canopies for a more elegant design more in tune with the legendary local architecture.

Looking down along the Belk (Beery) wing.

The Belk store at Oglethorpe Mall has been a baby of the company for a long time as one of their higher margin and well-established stores.

The older shoppers are provided a Piccadilly Cafeteria immediately outside the store.  This originally opened as Morrison's with the mall, and it has obviously been substantially renovated since it was Morrison's.  Why has the younger crowd so firmly shunned cafeterias?


Catty-corner to Piccadilly somewhat facing Belk is Barnes & Noble, which joined the mall in 2002.  I am always happy when Borders, Barnes & Noble or Books-A-Million anchor a mall since the smaller mall-based book stores have mostly faded away.  A decent book store provides a reason to shop at the mall besides clothing. The Barnes & Noble here was previously the "Promenade", which was built into what was originally Adler's department store.

Since the 2003 fiasco, the only change to the mall was when Rich's was merged into Macy's: hopefully the last department store merger to affect that store.  All other department stores at the mall were original.  Pretty much all that Oglethorpe Mall lacks today is Dillard's, which is likely hanging on due to lack of space at Oglethorpe among Savannah Mall offering attractive leasing terms, pressure or a long-term lease.  In fact, the only way that Dillard's could reasonably be built at Oglethorpe would be to create some very odd configuration such as tearing down and relocating one of the anchors or creating the confusing mall-thru setup on one of the anchors.  Rest assured, Dillard's will jump if the opportunity arises such as any of the anchors closing or relocating.

I am not back looking from the Sears wing into the food court.  The ocean blue lighting is surreal, but very beautiful.

Design-wise, this has to be the prettiest food court I have ever seen.  While food courts tend to be more comfortable and attractive than most of the mall these days, I want to give them accolades for this one.  Of course, food was always the order of the day in this part of the previously housed a Piggly Wiggly.

Walking back from the food court is this wavy, neon overhang going back to the Sears wing.  It seems Cumberland Mall in Atlanta employed this look into their renovation much more heavily.

In all, there is absolutely nothing I could say negative about Oglethorpe Mall.  It has everything I like: a fascinating layout, attractive design, interesting fusion of past and present, a good choice of stores and it is located in one of the most historical and beautiful of American cities.  This may sound like a promotion, but I have likewise been very harsh or dismissive about a few malls on my blog.  The thing I like the most about it, though, is that it is a survivor.  Most of us retail enthusiasts are disgusted when we see the classic mall in a city die because some new retail phenomenon came into town and crushed it along with everything around it.  This time, it was the other way around.  The older and wiser mall won the mall war, and a finer and classier mall was the result.

This open court area divides the outside entrance of the food court from the outside entrance into the Macy's wing.  Macy's is the large anchor on the right.


A couple views along the front of the mall facing Abercorn Expressway.

The mall's main entrance.  Note FYE also has an outside entrance.


Sears remains in its very original 1960's glory outside.  I am not lying, I really think this design still looks cool.  Sears did some interesting modernist stores in the 1960's. 

Macy's (former Rich's) today seems to be mimmicking this design, though this store thankfully uses real block instead of cheap stucco.

JCPenney, like Levy's before, was built too small.  Levy's was demolished, but JCPenney remains, looking straight out of 1982.  While plain, it still looks like new and somewhat eye-catching.  Perhaps its just the era I was born in?


Belk Beery retains its classic arches on the back.  Apparently it was too difficult to modify it when it was tied into the parking deck.  The front, however, was drastically modified from my last visit.  The front looks nice, but something just doesn't seem quite right about it to me.

Piccadilly was also greatly modified.  I wish I knew what this looked like originally.  I wish I could send modern architects and builders to Stucco Anonymous.  It looks cheap, period.

The mall logo looks great, though the sign obviously lacks the Googie flair.  The logo is fun, stands out and makes you want to shop there.

In another post, I will be adding pics taken in 2004 of Rich's at the mall.  Because of the length of the post, I am posting this separately like I did with the Mall of Georgia post.